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What Is Edge Computing & Why Is It Important?

If you’re already using a hybrid cloud architecture, then you’re familiar with the benefits of partitioning data between public and private clouds. There are different configurations, and all work well, depending on your business goals and usage. For example, the edge can take the place of the private cloud, taking the primary computing role, or you can pair the edge with an existing hybrid cloud with both public and private clouds. From a data storage perspective, the core is expected to become the main repository with more than double the data stored in the core than in the endpoint by 2024.

I have some fears about edge computing that are hard to articulate, and possibly unfounded, so I won’t dive into them completely. That’s why Microsoft is working on Azure Sphere, which is a managed Linux OS, a certified microcontroller, and a cloud service.

Techopedia Explains Edge Computing

Some manufacturers also spoke of Fog-Computing at the powerful Edge Computing Groups in companies and at the Telco-Edge. The idea of an edge shines new hope on the prospects of premium service — a solid, justifiable reason for certain classes of service to command higher rates than others.

definition of edge computing

Is a general term for a cloud-based IT service environment located at the edge of a network. The label Multi-Access Edge Computing should be used when discussing the open standards framework for edge computing that is being developed by the nonprofit group ETSI. The framework is designed to ensure developers have access to a consistent set of APIs. Streaming music and video platforms, for example, often cache information to lower latency, offering more network flexibility when it comes to user traffic demands. Red Hat offers a powerful portfolio of technologies that extends and complements its open hybrid cloud platforms to manage and scale your hybrid cloud environments.

Edge Computing Definitions

Almost any technology that’s applicable to the latency problem is applicable to the bandwidth problem. Running AI on a user’s device instead of all in the cloud seems to be a huge focus for Apple and Google right now. I have no idea if the industry will embrace Microsoft’s specific solution to the IoT security problem, but it seems an easy guess that most of the hardware you buy a few years from now will have its software updated automatically and security managed centrally. Because otherwise your toaster and dishwasher will join a botnet and ruin your life. But I’ve been watching some industry experts on YouTube, listening to some podcasts, and even, on occasion, reading articles on the topic.

Edge environments that support primary infrastructure are created through a network of data centers scattered across a nation or the globe. Each data center processes and stores data locally and is usually configured with the ability to replicate its data to other locations. The individual locations are called points of presence and generally include servers, routers, network switches, and other interfacing equipment. Founded in 1997, RF Code is based in Austin, Texas, with offices and partners around the world. Our automated, real-time asset management, environmental monitoring and power monitoring data center services eliminate the need for costly and error-prone manual processes. It provides the opportunity to discuss innovative technology while introducing a whole range of existing products and services in totally new ways.

Data processing at the network edge reduces the time to process IoT data and decreases the utilization of cloud networking and processing resources. All data processing and storage is performed on a small number of collocated machines. While the cloud has had some impact on decentralizing IT, edge computing takes it even further.

  • In some instances, they use it in tandem with edge computing for a more comprehensive solution.
  • An edge computing strategy enables the providers to keep the software at tens of thousands of remote locations all running consistently and with uniform security standards.
  • In addition, Kubernets and Terraform help to realize multi-cloud deployments.
  • Information is not processed on the cloud filtered through distant data centers; instead, the cloud comes to you.

Edge computing is computing on localized servers and devices in order to more quickly process data in applications. Multiple devices sending data to distant facilities can drag down network speed and functionality, so processing that data on an edge device can be much faster. Edge computing refers to the use of an open platform that integrates network, computing, storage, and application core capabilities on the side close to the source of things or data, and provides the nearest service nearby. Its applications are initiated at the edge, resulting in faster network service response and meeting the industry’s basic needs in real-time business, application intelligence, security, and privacy protection.

Data is collected from devices at the edges of this diagram, and pulled toward the center for processing. Processed data, like oil from a refinery, is pumped back out toward the edge for delivery. CDNs expedite this process by acting as “filling stations” for users in their vicinity. The typical product lifecycle for network services involves this “round-trip” process, where data is effectively mined, shipped, refined, and shipped again. If location, location, location matters again to the enterprise, then the entire enterprise computing market can be turned on its ear.

The Current Topology Of Enterprise Networks

Address the needs of different edge tiers that have different requirements, including the size of the hardware footprint, challenging environments, and cost. Network functions virtualization is a strategy that applies IT virtualization to the use case of network functions. NFV allows standard servers to be used for functions that once required expensive proprietary hardware. Edge computing is an important part of the hybrid cloud vision that offers a consistent application and operation experience.

Cloud computing provides computing resources, however, data travel and processing puts a large strain on bandwidth and latency. Edge computing works by processing data as close to its source or end user as possible.

definition of edge computing

The best edge computing models can help you accelerate performance by analyzing data locally. A well-considered approach to edge computing can keep workloads up-to-date according to predefined policies, can help maintain privacy, and will adhere to data residency laws and regulations.

And there simply isn’t a business case to use edge computing everywhere. Some of the touted benefits, Software quality for instance, regarding security, at the same time, are also still issues on other levels.

Adopting edge computing is a high priority for many telecommunications service providers, as they move workloads and services toward the network’s edge. Buses and trains carry computers to track passenger flow and service delivery.

definition of edge computing

By one estimate, a modern plant with 2,000 pieces of equipment can generate 2,200 terabytes of data a month. It’s faster—and less costly—to process that trove of data close to the equipment, rather than transmit it to a remote datacenter first. But it’s still desirable for the equipment to be linked through a centralized data platform. That way, for example, equipment can definition edge computing receive standardized software updates and share filtered data that can help improve operations in other factory locations. In a similar way, the aim of edge computing is to move the computation away from data centers towards the edge of the network, exploiting smart objects, mobile phones, or network gateways to perform tasks and provide services on behalf of the cloud.

Because edge computing can greatly reduce the effects of latency on applications, service providers can offer new apps and services that can improve the experience of existing apps, especially following advancements in 5G. Edge computing, with its emphasis on data collection and real-time computation, can contribute to the success of data-intensive intelligent applications. As an example, artificial intelligence/machine learning (AI/ML) tasks, such as image recognition algorithms, can be run more efficiently closer to the source of the data, removing the need to shuttle large amounts of data to a centralized datacenter. A step further is autonomous vehicles—another example of edge computing that involves processing a large amount of real-time data in a situation where connectivity may be inconsistent. Because of the sheer amount of data, autonomous vehicles like self-driving cars process sensor data on board the vehicle in order to reduce latency.

What is edge computing and why does it matter? – Network World

What is edge computing and why does it matter?.

Posted: Tue, 29 Jun 2021 07:00:00 GMT [source]

Information is not processed on the cloud filtered through distant data centers; instead, the cloud comes to you. StackPath’s Temitim believes that point to be an emerging concept called the edge cloud — effectively a virtual collection of multiple edge deployments in a single platform. This platform would be marketed at first to multichannel video distributors looking to own their own distribution networks, and cut costs in the long term. But as an additional revenue source, these providers could then offer public-cloud like services, such as SaaS applications or even virtual server hosting, on behalf of commercial clients. Servers capable of providing cloud-like remote services to commercial customers, regardless of where they’re located, need high-power processors and in-memory data, to enable multi-tenancy. Probably without exception, they’ll require access to high-voltage, three-phase electricity. That’s extremely difficult, if not impossible, to attain in relatively remote, rural locations.

definition of edge computing

That places the location of “the edge,” circa 2020, at whatever point on the map where you’ll find data, for lack of a better description, catching fire. Diagram of the relationship between data centers and Internet-of-Things devices, as depicted by the Industrial Internet Consortium. As IDC Research Manager Gabriele Roberti puts it in a blog, ‘From a vertical perspective, the manufacturing industry in Europe is in prime position to move forward with edge technologies, given the effort already put into Industry 4.0’. On the list of European industries that are most amenable to edge computing we notice manufacturing, retail, oil and gas, and the public sector. Although there is a lot of activity in the edge computing market in the scope of industrial applications and Industry 4.0, also given the link with IIoT, it is likely that edge computing opportunities in the coming years are mainly limited to specific use cases. Distributed infrastructure and edge computing will accelerate hybrid multicloud adoption, Equinix says, expecting this to be the case across every business segment in 2020.

An example use case is Internet of Things , whereby billions of devices deployed each year can produce lots of data. When data is processed at the edge instead of the cloud, backhaul cost is reduced. Compared to traditional forms of compute, edge computing offers businesses and other organizations a faster, more efficient way to process data using enterprise-grade applications.

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